# Parents guide to Year 5 Maths

Parents’ Guide ‘Must Dos’ by the end of Year 5

Number

Read, write and order numbers to 1,000,000

Count on and back in steps of 100,1,000, 10,000 up to 1,000,000

Round any number to the nearest 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000 or 100,000

Estimate and calculate additions involving 2, 3-digit numbers (to nearest 10)

Estimate and calculate subtractions involving 2, 3-digit numbers (to nearest 10)

Estimate and calculate multiplications involving a 2-digit and a 3-digit numbers (to nearest 10)

Estimate and calculate divisions of a 3-digit number by a 1-digit number (to nearest 10)

Subtract one 5-digit number from another, using column subtraction

Rapid Recall: Mentally add a 2-digit number to a 3-digit number

Rapid Recall: Mentally add a 1000s number to a 5-digit number

Rapid Recall: Mentally subtract a 2-digit number from a 3 or 4-digit number

Rapid Recall: Mentally subtract a 1000s number from a 5-digit number

Know all factors that make up numbers to 100

Recognise all prime numbers to 100

Multiply a 4-digit number by a 2-digit number using formal methods

Divide a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number (with remainders)

Multiply numbers by 10, 100 and 1,000

Parents’ guide ‘Must Dos’ by the end of Year 5

Number

Divide number by 10, 100 and 1,000

Recognise and use square numbers and square roots

Know and use the symbols (.),(3) and (√) accurately

Fractions: Compare and order fractions whose denominators are multiples of the same number

Convert mixed numbers to improper fractions and visa versa

Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator

Multiple proper fractions and mixed fractions by whole numbers

Number

Decimal Fractions: Read and write decimal numbers as fractions (up to hundredths)

Round decimals with two decimal places to nearest whole number and one decimal place

Read, write, order and compare decimal numbers with up to three decimal places

Percentages: Recognise the % symbol

Understand that percentage is measured as part of 100

Solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal value of ½, ¼, ⅕, ⅖ and ⅘

Parents’ Guide ‘Must Dos’ by the end of Year 5

Shape and measures

Measure angles in degrees

Draw a given angle accurately

Know and use reflex angles

Construct shapes from given dimensions

Identify 3D shapes from 2D representations

Identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following reflection and translation

Add, subtract, multiply and divide units of measure (using decimal notation)

Understand and use basic equivalence between metric and common imperial units

Calculate, estimate and compare areas of squares and rectangles using cm squared (cm.) and metre squared (m.)

Recognise volume in practical contexts

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