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During years 3 and 4, pupils should be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:

· asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them

· setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests

· making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers

· gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions

· recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables

· reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions

· using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions

· identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes

· using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.